The newest agreement’s four articles defined a guide to the next shared county to your several nationalities

The newest agreement’s four articles defined a guide to the next shared county to your several nationalities

New management of the Czech Federal Alliance and Slovak Group out-of America signed the brand new Cleveland Agreement, in which it pledged to cooperate to your prominent aim of independent statehood with the Czechs and you will Slovaks.

Michal Bosak, immediately after applauded as the “the newest richest Slovak in the us,” created the brand new Bosak State Financial for the Scranton, Pennsylvania. Bosak came to the new You.S. for the 1886 in the many years sixteen and 1st worked given that a beneficial miner, taking place becoming an entrepreneur whose possibilities included the fresh new Bosak Manufacturing Company (a drink and you will alcoholic beverages shipment organization), the brand new Bosak Condition Bank, a trips agency, and several loan providers inside the northeastern Pennsylvania. Bosak was also a chief regarding the Slovak-American community, is a beneficial signatory on the Pittsburgh Agreement therefore the blogger out-of the latest weekly newsprint Slovenska obrana. Each of Bosak’s team and you can financial ventures concluded in Higher Despair.

Offer having Bosak’s Horke Vino, a wine-depending elixir lead and you will provided by new Bosak Development Business, off Obrana: Narodny kalendar, Obrana Posting Team, Scranton, 1922.


The fresh new Pittsburgh Contract was ended of the agents regarding Czechs and Slovaks within a conference of your own Western branch of your Narodni rada ceskoslovenska (Czechoslovak Federal Council) during the Pittsburgh. The fresh new contract supported an application on strive for a common condition of Czecho-Slovakia and you can agreed that the brand new condition would-be an effective democratic republic where Slovakia would have its very own government, legislature, and you will process of law.


Reverend Jaroslav Pelikan grew up in Akron, Kansas. He was a beneficial Lutheran theologian and something of the best church historians of the 20th century.


Michael Novak, a prolific Roman Catholic theologian and you will political site burada copywriter, grew up in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Within his performs, he turned into a spokesman not only having Slovaks, but for all ethnic teams in the united states too, this kind of really works as Maxims of Ethnicity and Unmeltable Ethnics: Government and you will Community inside Western Lives.


Alois Havrilla, produced from inside the Presov during the 1891 and you will to arrive on the You.S. once the a tiny kid speaking no English, won brand new esteemed Medal once and for all Diction provided per year from the American Academy from Arts and you can Characters. Havrilla got plus sung expertly; acted from inside the Broadway musicals; narrated video clips to have significant studios; worked from the loads of Nyc-area the radio since the a development commentator, announcer, narrator, and you may host out of songs apps; and you can performed voice-more work with the fresh Paul Whiteman and you may Jack Benny broadcast apps.

Recording, california. 1921, regarding Alois Havrilla singing “Tancuj, tancuj,” a properly-understood Slovak everyone tune. Courtesy: Western Memories, Collection off Congress, Arizona, D.C.


Out of this Furnace, the story away from about three years of Slovaks in metal mills, are authored by Thomas Bell (Belejcak), a western-born writer whom illustrated the fresh life away from Slovak immigrants in lot of out-of his works.

Brand new Edgar Thomson Really works, in Braddock, Pennsylvania (c. 1905). Of several Slovak immigrant guys did in the heavy lifting perform, such as those inside steel mills, coal mines, and you can foundries. Feminine most often either worked since domestic let otherwise grabbed for the boarders in the home. Courtesy: Designs and you will Photographs Office, Library away from Congress, Washington, D.C.

The forty-eight-inch universal dish factory from the Homestead Steel Performs, into the Homestead, Pennsylvania, (c. 1908). Courtesy: Designs and you may Photo Office, Collection away from Congress, Arizona, D.C.


The brand new U.S. Navy commissioned the brand new USS Durik, an effective warship entitled honoring Joseph Edward Durik, a great Slovak serviceman away from Southwestern, Pennsylvania, that has passed away down seriously to an accidental torpedo capturing to the USS Meredith.


Slovakia, that was set-up just like the an independent state from the Nazi Germany, try reincorporated with the Czechoslovakia. That it led to a keen exodus of some 5,000 officials of your own wartime Slovak Republic.